When developing an EAP, keep in mind that the goal is to think things through now, while you're calm and have access to unlimited information to assist you. The whole purpose of an EAP is to allow people to follow pre-established steps without having to try to think through panic. A properly designed EAP will quickly walk the reader through the steps they need to protect themselves while still leaving room for deviation from the plan and improvisation if the situation calls for it. EAPs should be both brief and descriptive, allowing the reader to absorb the most information in as short a time as possible. There should be an EAP for every natural or man-made threat that exists in your area. For instance, in Indiana, EAPs for tornadoes are the most common in homes and businesses. They should be clearly labeled and easily accessible to every member of the family.
Practice runs should be conducted from time to time. My wife and I use brief power outages and camping trips to this end, notating problems we have that would be serious in an extended disaster, and fixing those problems before the next dry run. About five years ago a massive blizzard hit Indianapolis, resulting in loss of power at our house for 72 hours with -20 wind chills outside. We implemented several parts of our Shelter In Place EAP and we were extremely comfortable for the duration of the power outage. However, the experience still revealed several minor weaknesses in our plan that would have become major inconveniences in the event of a long-term SIP scenario. Those were corrected in short order after the power came back on.
So, here are our current DEFCON Level EAPs. All of this took several hours of research and work, spread out over a few months until I had a finished product.
DEFCON 5 Normal peacetime level. No nuclear threats exist against the United States.
- No deviation from normal daily activities
- Review DEFCON 3 EAP
Inspect and clean weapons
Review current status of all emergency supplies and note possible issues that need addressed
Vehicle fuel tanks no lower than 1/2 full at all times
- Fill vehicle fuel tanks and maintain no lower than 3/4 full at all times
Install topper on truck and prepare it for evacuation supplies to be loaded
Review DEFCON 2 EAP
Review Shelter In Place and Evacuation EAPs
Increase emergency food and water supplies if possible
Rotate and increase battery supplies if possible
Rotate, replenish, and increase reserve fuel supplies if possible
Increase ammunition supplies if possible
Inspect radiation detection kit and dosimeters
- Fill vehicle fuel tanks and return home immediately for emergency discussion and planning
Vehicle fuel tanks to remain full at all times
Maintain regular communications via text, phone, or radio
Withdraw cash from bank
Weapons loaded and ready to fire at all times
Prepare radiation detection equipment for use and deploy dosimeters
Review DEFCON 1 EAP
Prepare and secure shelter and house for extended shelter in place
Implement Shelter In Place EAP if appropriate
Reinforce basement shelter area if appropriate
Cover windows with boards if appropriate
Prepare and load vehicles for quick and extended evacuation
Implement Evacuation EAP if appropriate
- Continuous communications via radio
Prepare for possible EMP effects
Implement or continue to implement Shelter In Place or Evacuation EAP based on nature of threat
Avoid all nuclear target areas (See EAP Nuclear Target Maps)
Weapons loaded and carried ready to fire at all times
Deadly force used against potential threats
Everyone is welcome to copy as much or as little of these plans as they wish to assist with developing your own EAPs. Please feel free to post questions, comments, and suggestions.